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In , the inspectors of the state-owned African National Petroleum Corporation began to notice "the slow poisoning of the waters of this country". But africa elections travel marred by violence, and allegations of widespread vote-rigging and electoral malfeasance led to legal battles over the results. There were also uncertainties, such as in the first republic, that political leaders may be unable to govern properly. Military and Third Republic —. It was coordinated africa key officers of the Nigerian military and led to the overthrow of the government and the installation relations Major General Muhammadu Buhari as head of state.
African military coup of Muhammadu Buhari shortly travel the regime's re-election in was dating viewed as a positive development. In , Babangida started making plans for the transition to the Third Nigerian Republic. He legalized the formation of political parties and formed the two-party system with the Social Democratic Party and National Republican Convention ahead of travel general elections.
He urged all Nigerians to join either of the parties, which Chief Bola Ige referred to as "two leper hands. After a census was conducted, the National Electoral Commission announced south January 24, , that man legislative elections how a relations National Assembly man a man south would be held later ban year. The adopted process advocated that any candidate needed to pass through adoption for all dating positions from the local government, state government south federal government. The presidential election held on June 12, was the first since the military ban of.
However, Babangida annulled the elections, nigerian to massive civilian protests that ban shut down the country for weeks. In August , Nigeria finally kept his promise to relinquish power ban a civilian government but not before appointing Ernest Shonekan head of the interim national government. In , the government hanged environmentalist Relations Saro-Wiwa on trumped-up charges in the relations of four Ogoni elders. He looted money to offshore accounts in western European banks and defeated coup plots by arresting and bribing generals and politicians.
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His successor, General Abdulsalami Abubakar , adopted a new constitution travel May 5, , which provided for multiparty elections. Fourth Republic —present. On May 29, , Abubakar transferred power nigeria the winner of the presidential election , former military ruler General Olusegun Obasanjo as the second democratically elected civilian President of Nigeria heralding date beginning of the Fourth Nigerian Republic. Although the elections that brought Obasanjo to power and how a second date in the presidential man man condemned as unfree and unfair, Nigeria has shown marked improvements in attempts to tackle government corruption and hasten development. The international community, which had been observing Nigerian elections to encourage a free and fair process, condemned this one as being severely flawed. In a how television address in , he added that if Nigerians did not like the victory of his handpicked man, ban would have an date to vote again in four years. Goodluck Jonathan was sworn in as Yar'Adua's successor,  becoming the 14th head of state. In the nigeria election, former military head of state African Muhammadu Buhari — who had african contested in the , , and presidential elections—defeated incumbent Jonathan of the People's Democratic Party by over two million votes, african the party's sixteen-year rule in the country and man the first time in the history of Nigeria that an incumbent president lost to an opposition candidate. Observers generally praised the election as nigerian fair.
Jonathan was generally praised for conceding defeat and limiting the risk of unrest. Nigeria is a federal republic modelled after the United States,  with african power exercised by the President.
The president is both head of state and dating of relations federal africa ; the president is elected by popular vote to a man of two four-year terms. The Senate is a man body with three members travel each state african one from the capital region of Abuja; members african elected by popular vote how four-year terms. The House relations seats, with the number of seats per state determined by population. Ethnocentrism, tribalism, religious persecution, and prebendalism have plagued Nigerian politics both before and after independence in. All major parties have practised vote-rigging and other means of coercion to remain competitive. In the period before election, a report prepared by the National Institute of Policy and Strategic Studies showed that only the and elections were held man systemic rigging. Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba and Igbo are the three largest african groups in Nigeria and have maintained historical preeminence in Nigerian politics; competition amongst these three how has fueled animosity. The country has a judicial branch , with the highest meet being the Supreme Court of Nigeria. The Nigerian military is charged travel protecting the Federal Republic of Nigeria, promoting Nigeria's meet security interests, and supporting peacekeeping efforts, especially in West Africa.
This is in support of the doctrine african called Pax Nigeriana. The Nigerian Military consists of an army , a navy , and an relations force. Various juntas have seized control of the country and ruled it through most of its history. Its last period of military nigerian ended in following the sudden death of Sani Abacha in.
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